Teaching plan for the course unit

 

 

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General information

 

Course unit name: Structure and Function of the Cardio-Circulatory, Respiratory, Renal and Musculoskeletal Systems

Course unit code: 363743

Academic year: 2019-2020

Coordinator: Daniel Navajas Navarro

Department: Department of Biomedical Sciences

Credits: 6

Single program: S

 

 

Estimated learning time

Total number of hours 150

 

Face-to-face and/or online activities

72

 

-  Lecture

Face-to-face

 

36

 

-  Laboratory session

Face-to-face

 

18

 

-  Seminar

Face-to-face

 

18

Supervised project

15

Independent learning

63

 

 

Recommendations

 

In order to fully profit from the subject, all credits of first-year subjects Biochemistry, Cell Biology and Biophysics should have been passed.

 

 

Competences to be gained during study

 

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To be able to analyse and summarize (Instrumental).

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To gain knowledge of basic and technological subjects required to learn new methods and technologies and ensure versatility and the ability to adapt to new situations (Personal).

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To gain knowledge of the equipment and instruments used for disease diagnosis, treatment, prevention and research.

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To gain knowledge of the aetiology and physiopathology of the main diseases of the various systems and apparatuses.

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To gain knowledge of biomedical concepts and language.

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To know about and apply engineering concepts to the study of biological processes and the functions of the human organism. To gain knowledge of the atomic, molecular, cellular and organic levels of the physical mechanisms and phenomena that have an impact on health and disease.

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To gain knowledge of the structure and normal function of apparatuses and systems, as well as their homeostatic and regulatory mechanisms. To understand the principles of adaptation to the environment.

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To gain knowledge of the causes and mechanisms by which disease is developed.

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To use systems for the search and retrieval of biomedical information and procedures for clinical data. To be able to understand and critically interpret scientific texts and their sources.

Learning objectives

 

Referring to knowledge

— Know the different types of bones of the musculoskeletal system.
— Understand the functioning of joints in the musculoskeletal system.
— Know the different types of muscles of the musculoskeletal system.
— Know the anatomical structures of the musculoskeletal system and understand their anatomic position.
— Understand the relation between the bones and muscles.
— Understand the biomechanics of joints of the musculoskeletal system.
— Know the peripheral nerves of limbs.
— Understand the muscular functioning of limbs.
— Understand the physical laws that govern blood circulation in the cardiovascular system.
— Know the elastic properties of vessels and understand their effect on blood circulation.
— Understand the relationship between the mechanical properties of the hemodynamic system and the local distribution of blood volume.
— Understand the mechanical principles of vascular function.
— Understand the working bases and the interpretation of cardiovascular function exploratory tests.
— Know the elastic properties of the respiratory system and understand the effect they have on pulmonary ventilation.
— Know the resistant properties of lungs and understand their effects on pulmonary ventilation.
— Understand the dynamics of the respiratory cycle.
— Learn the physical laws of gases and understand the behaviour of gases during ventilation and alveoli-capillar exchange.
— Understand the mechanisms that govern the relations between ventilation, gas production and consumption, and their alveolar pressures.
— Understand the working bases and the interpretation of respiratory function exploratory tests.
— Understand the principles of assisted breathing.
— Understand the role of the cardiovascular system in the maintenance of body homeostasis and their implications for pathophysiology.
— Understand the intrinsic, neural and endocrine mechanisms regulating heart activity.
— Understand the intrinsic, neural and endocrine mechanisms regulating blood pressure.
— Understand the mechanisms that control angiogenesis and vasculogenesis.
— Understand the mechanisms that regulate the volume per minute that each tissue receives.
— Understand the role of the respiratory system in the maintenance of body homeostasis and their implications for pathophysiology.
— Understand the main mechanisms to control ventilation.
— Understand the main mechanisms regulating gas transport and plasma pH.
— Understand the role of the renal system in the maintenance of body homeostasis and their implications for pathophysiology.
— Understand the main mechanisms regulating the glomerular filtration rate.
— Understand the main systems regulating hydroelectrolytic balance through the renal function.

 

Referring to abilities, skills

— Represent and interpret graphs and schemes referring to the contents of the previous section.
— Search for scientific information using currently available sources.
— Critically analyse, delve in, comprehend and summarise the gathered information.
— Be introduced to the study of anatomical structures in the dissection room.
— Identify the anatomical structures of the human body.
— Create and correctly follow-up an experimental protocol, using the procedures and tools most frequent in biochemistry, molecular biology and biophysics.
— Correctly analyse, interpret and present experimental results.
— Be introduced to the application of knowledge acquired to pathophysiology.
— Adequately use computer tools for all mentioned procedures.

 

Referring to attitudes, values and norms

— Follow the instruction given by lecturers to develop the teaching and learning process adequately.
— Follow safety regulations and be careful with instruments used in the dissection room.
— Plan and implement shared activities in the dissection room through participation in working groups.
— Follow safety regulations and be careful with instruments used in the laboratory.
— Plan and implement shared activities through equal participation in working groups.
— Assess the limitations of experimental procedures and the sources of error in the process of data acquisition.

 

 

Teaching blocks

 

1. Anatomy of musculoskeletal system

*  1.1. Anatomical position
1.2. Anatomical planes
1.3. Bone classification
1.4. Joint classification
1.5. Muscle classification
1.6. Circulatory system
1.7. Nervous system
1.8. Anatomy of the upper limbs
1.9. Anatomy of the lower limbs

2. Biomechanics of the musculoskeletal system

*  2.1. Biomechanics of bones
2.2. Biomechanics of joint cartilage
2.3. Biomechanics of tendons and ligaments
2.4. Biomechanics of muscles
2.5. Biomechanics of joints

3. Cardiovascular biophysics

*  3.1. Mechanical structure of the cardiovascular system
3.2. Electric properties of the heart; Electrocardiogram
3.4. Mechanic behaviour of the heart
3.5. Mechanics of the vascular circuit
3.6. Mechanic coupling between vascular circuit and heart

4. Respiratory biophysics

*  4.1. Mechanical structure of the respiratory system
4.2. Pulmonary gas exchange
4.3. Gas transport and peripheral exchange
4.4. Mechanical ventilation

5. Cardiovascular physiology

*  6.1. Physiology of the circulatory system and homeostasis; Pathophysiological consequences
6.2. Regulating hearth activity
6.3. Regulating blood pressure
6.4. Regulating angiogenesis and vasculogenesis
6.5. Regulating local circulation

6. Respiratory physiology

*  7.1. Physiology of the respiratory system and homeostasis; Pathophysiological consequences
7.2. Regulating gas transport and plasma pH
7.3. Regulating ventilation

7. Renal physiology

*  8.1. Renal physiology and homeostasis; Pathophysiological consequences
8.2. Renal regulation of hydroelectrolytic balance
8.3. Regulating urine release

 

 

Teaching methods and general organization

 

— Teaching is developed through theory sessions, applied seminars, problem-solving seminars, laboratory practice and practice in the dissection room.

— Attendance to practical classes is compulsory.

— The subject is taught in Catalan.

 

 

Official assessment of learning outcomes

 

Students are assessed on a continuous basis.

Assessment for the subject is divided into three parts, corresponding to the teaching blocks in anatomy, biophysics and physiology. The final grade for the subject is the average of the final marks for each of the three blocks. The weighted grade for each block is based on the scores for the continuous assessment tests (40%), and for the final examination (60%). A minimum grade of 4 out of 10 in the final exam for each block is required to pass the subject.

Anatomy

Continuous assessment (40% of the grade for the block on anatomy): Presentation of a group paper, including a 10-minute oral presentation given by a member of the group chosen by the teacher at the time of the presentation. Questions to the other members of the group. All group members will get the same score for the presentation, but their answers to questions will be evaluated individually.

Final exam (60% of the grade for the block on anatomy): written examination on the whole content of the course.

Biophysics

Continuous assessment (40% of the grade for the block on biophysics): Mid-term exam (80% of the grade for continuous assessment) and reports on the practical activities (20% of the grade for continuous assessment).

Final examination: (60% of the grade for the block on biophysics): written examination on the whole content of the course.

Physiology

Continuous assessment (40% of the grade for the block on physiology): Mid-term exam (2/3 of continuous assessment). Participation in classes and practical exercises (1/3 of continuous assessment).

Final exam (60% of the grade for the block on physiology): written examination on the whole content of the course.

Repeat assessment

Students who fail the subject may sit for repeat assessment of the parts of the written examination they have failed. The continuous assessment score will be maintained in calculating the final grade for the subject.