Teaching plan for the course unit

(Short version)


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General information


Course unit name: Demography

Course unit code: 361255

Academic year: 2021-2022

Coordinator: Maria Teresa Costa Cor

Department: Department of Economic, Financial and Actuarial Mathematics

Credits: 6

Single program: S



Estimated learning time

Total number of hours 150


Face-to-face and/or online activities



-  Lecture with practical component

Face-to-face and online




-  Problem-solving class

Face-to-face and online




-  IT-based class

Face-to-face and online



Supervised project


Independent learning




Learning objectives


Referring to knowledge

— Be familiar with the sources of demographic information for obtaining statistical data about population.


— Learn the basic tools and techniques for analysing the structure and growth of a population: construction of statistical tables, graphical representation and calculation of various indicators.


— Describe the transition from the ancient to the modern demographic regimes and its effects on the make-up of the population.


— Study mortality by age and cause of death, construct static period mortality tables, and calculate probabilities and short-term indicators on the behaviour of these phenomena.


— Analyse fertility based on synthetic indicators of period and generation.


— Study the migratory movements that affect the population.


— Describe the basic methods of making population projections, formulating hypotheses and interpreting results.


Referring to abilities, skills

— Use sources of demographic information in accordance with study objectives.


— Know how to differentiate between static period and cohort analyses.


— Interpret intensity and timing of demographic phenomena.


— Compare the behaviour of demographic phenomena between populations by applying standardization techniques.


— Obtain the most appropriate indicators for analysing demographic phenomena.


— Analyse and interpret the demographic dynamics that a population has experienced over time.


— Make predictions about the future evolution of a population.


— Calculate and interpret different measures of fertility.


— Calculate and interpret the reproduction rates of a population.


— Calculate and interpret different measures of nuptiality.


— Calculate and interpret different measures of migration.


— Know how to use computer tools related to demographic analysis.



Teaching blocks


1. Characteristics and evolution of the population

1.1. Introduction

1.1.1. Population and demography
1.1.2. Statistical sources for the study of population
1.1.3. Population figures in Spain

1.2. Demographic methods and techniques

1.2.1. Magnitudes: stocks and flows
1.2.2. Longitudinal analysis and cross-sectional analysis
1.2.3. The representation of time: the Lexis diagram
1.2.4. Measures in demography: rates, probabilities, and proportions

1.3. Population structure and growth

1.3.1. The basic demographic equation and the calculation of population growth
1.3.2. Population structure indicators
1.3.3. The population pyramid: the relationship between population structure and demographic phenomena
1.3.4. Evolution of world population. The demographic transition

2. Study of demographic phenomena

2.1. Mortality analysis

2.1.1.  Mortality by age and cause of death
2.1.2. Standardization
2.1.3. Construction of a mortality table. Life expectancy

2.2. Fertility and marriage

2.2.1. Fertility analysis: static period and generation indicators
2.2.2. The reproduction of generations
2.2.3. Family characteristics and evolution of household structure

2.3. Migration

2.3.1. Basic concepts and measures of migration
2.3.2. Internal and external migration
2.3.3. Evolution of migratory movements in the Spanish population

3. Demographic projections

3.1. Population projections

3.1.1. The component method
3.1.2. Methodology for carrying out population projections

3.2. Household projections

3.2.1. Basic concepts
3.2.2. The propensity score method





Reading and study resources

Consulteu la disponibilitat a CERCABIB


KEYFITZ, Nathan. Applied mathematical demograpyh. 3rd ed. New York: Springer, 2005

Catāleg UB  Enllaç

LEGUINA, Joaquín. Fundamentos de demografía. 5a ed. Madrid: Siglo XXI, 1992

Catāleg UB  Enllaç

LIVI, Massimo. Introducción a la demografía. Barcelona: Ariel, 1993

Catāleg UB  Enllaç

NEWELL, Colin. Methods and models in demography. Chichester [etc.] : Wiley, 1994

Catāleg UB  Enllaç

PRESSAT, Roland. Introducción a la demografía. Barcelona: Ariel, 1985

Catāleg UB  Enllaç

TAPINOS, Georges Photios. Elementos de demografía. Madrid: Espasa Calpe Universidad, 1990

Catāleg UB  Enllaç

VINUESA, Julio. Demografía. Análisis y proyecciones. Madrid: Síntesis, 1994

Catāleg UB  Enllaç

VINUESA, Julio. Técnicas y ejercicios de demografía. Madrid: INE, 2007

Catāleg UB  Enllaç

PRESTON, Samuel H. et al. Demography: measuring and modeling population processes. Malden: Blackwell, 2001

Catāleg UB  Enllaç

VALLIN, Jacques. La población mundial. Madrid: Alianza Editorial, 1995

Catāleg UB  Enllaç

Web page

Instituto Nacional de Estadística. Disponible a: <www.ine.es>  Enllaç

Institut d’Estadística de Catalunya. Disponible a: <www.idescat.cat>  Enllaç