Teaching plan for the course unit



Close imatge de maquetació




General information


Course unit name: Materials Synthesis and Treatment

Course unit code: 571415

Academic year: 2021-2022

Coordinator: Enric Bertran Serra

Department: Department of Applied Physics

Credits: 2,5

Single program: S



Estimated learning time

Total number of hours 62.5


Face-to-face and/or online activities



-  Lecture





-  Special practices




Supervised project


Independent learning




Competences to be gained during study


Basic competences

— Capacity to apply the acquired knowledge to problem-solving in new or relatively unknown environments within broader (or multidisciplinary) contexts related to the field of study.

— Capacity to integrate knowledge and tackle the complexity of formulating judgments based on incomplete or limited information, taking due consideration of the social and ethical responsibilities involved in applying knowledge and making judgments.

— Capacity to communicate conclusions, judgments and the grounds on which they have been reached to specialist and non-specialist audiences in a clear and unambiguous manner.

General competences

— Capacity to identify the scientific and industrial landscape in the immediate, national and international environment in the field of nanoscience and nanotechnology.

— Ability to take part in research and technological development projects.

Specific competences

— Capacity to recognize technological advances and current problems in the domain of nanotechnology as an interdisciplinary science.

— Ability to perform technical tasks in the field of nanotechnology.

— Ability to design synthesis processes and processing steps for nanostructured materials.

— Ability to handle the basic tools of nanomanufacturing and nanomanipulation.

— Ability to perform research and development tasks in relation to new nanostructured materials and nanodevices with innovative functionalities and potential applications in biotechnology, pharmacotherapy, information processing and storage, and improved energy use.





Learning objectives


Referring to knowledge

— Acquire a general understanding of the different procedures for preparation of nanometric materials: bottom-up and top-down.

— Consolidate knowledge of multiple techniques to obtain nanomaterials following the bottom-up approach.

— Learn the importance of the synthesis method in the properties of materials.

— Acquire a general understanding of applications of nanomaterials in diverse fields.

— Acquire practical experience in the synthesis of nanomaterials and characterisation through practical sessions.

— Learn about significant bibliographical references in this area.



Teaching blocks


1. Fundamental concepts

*  Materials science and technology at the nanoscale
*  Classical nucleation theory
*  Nanostructured systems
*  Nanostructured surfaces and interfaces

2. The concept of nanomaterials

*  Nanomaterials: concept and typology
*  Methodological approaches to nanomaterials: synthesis (bottom-up) and fabrication (top-down)
*  Classification of synthesis methods
*  Chemical bonding in nanomaterials

3. Zero-dimensional nanostructures

*  Particle synthesis by chemical methods
*  Homogeneous nucleation: growth factors
*  Heterogeneous nucleation
*  Thermal oxidation, kinetic controlled synthesis: micelles, spray pyrolisis, template processing systems
*  Covalent synthesis: iterative and self-assembled
*  Complementary methods: sonochemistry, microwaves, compressed fluids

4. One-dimensional nanostructures: nanowires, nanorods and nanotubes

*  Crystalline growth
*  Synthesis-based template effect: electrochemical and electrophoretic deposition
*  Covalent synthesis and self-assembled derivation

5. Two-dimensional nanostructures: thin films

*  Chemical Vapour Deposition (CVD), Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD), Layer by Layer Deposition
*  Langmuir-Blodgett films
*  Electrochemical deposition
*  Sol-gel films
*  Template-based synthesis
*  Self assembled monolayer
*  Nanostructures produced by physical methods
*  Oversaturation
*  Nucleation
*  Coalescence
*  Particle transport and recollection
*  Crystalline structures
*  Thin films: Physical Vapour Deposition (PVD): thermal and e-beam evaporation, sputtering, ion-beam deposition, surface treatments

6. Three-dimensional nanostructures

*  Application of the synthesis and organisation methods for obtaining nanomaterials
*  Polymers, zeolites, nano-micro and mesoporous
*  Nanocompounds, nanocrystalline materials, soft matter
*  Organised membranes
*  Ceramics and nanocomposite processing: polymer/ceramic systems, polymer/metal, ceramic/ceramic, ceramic/metal
*  Multilayers
*  Processing and deposition of thin films
*  Mechanical processing

7. Laboratory sessions

There will be four laboratory sessions of 2 hours each, where some of the following experiments will be carried out:
1. Production and collection of silicon nanometric particles by means of plasma-activated CVD
2. Production of SiO2 nanometric particles by sol-gel
3. Exploration and characterisation of nanoparticles by SEM; Counting and distribution using image processing techniques
4. Deposition of thin films by pulsed-DC magnetron sputtering; Deposition rate
5. Production of carbon nanotubes; Morphological study using SEM
6. Production of superparamagnetic nanoparticles using arc discharge; Magnetic separation under solution
7. Polymeric (PMMA) layer deposition by spin-coating with embedded silicon nanoparticles
8. Solution synthesis of gold nanoparticles
9. Gold nanoparticles layering on glass
10. Deposition of thin films (MgF, SiO2, Ta2O5) using vacuum thermal evaporation; Optical transmittance
11. Transferring self-assembled SiO2 nanoparticles using the Langmuir-Blodgett technique



Teaching methods and general organization


Lectures and practical sessions.

En cas de mesures especials degut a la pandèmia COVID-19, les classes teòriques es realitzaran d’acord amb la normativa vigent de la Universitat de Barcelona. Per als experiments es realitzaran en grups però amb proteccions adequades (màscara, pantalla facial, guants, ...), d’acord amb la normativa vigent de la Universitat de Barcelona.



Official assessment of learning outcomes


Continuous assessment

The benefit of theoretical and practical classes is dependent on students’ attendance, as the subject is designed to be interactive. The final grade is calculated according to the percentage weightings shown below:

• Class participation and solving and presenting practical problems: 25%.

• Preparation of a practical report on the laboratory sessions: 25%.

• Written final exam: 50%.

To pass the subject, students must obtain 50% of the maximum grade (100 points).

Repeat assessment

Students who wish to improve their grades can repeat assessment, which consists of an examination comprised of various multiple-choice questions and short-answer questions that can be answered in the same exam booklet. The test is worth 50% of the final grade, which is added to grades for class activities (25%) and laboratory practical sessions (25%).


Examination-based assessment

Students may opt for single assessment, if they request so in writing during the period established by the Academic Council. In this case, the final grade is calculated as follows:

• Preparation of a practical report on the laboratory sessions: 25%.

• Written final exam: 75%. The exam may contain various multiple-choice questions that must be accompanied by a brief explanation of the student’s choice, and short-answer questions that can be answered in the same exam booklet.

Repeat assessment

Students who wish to improve their grades can repeat assessment, which consists of another examination.



Reading and study resources

Consulteu la disponibilitat a CERCABIB


Cao, Guozhong. Nanostructures and nanomaterials : synthesis, properties, and applications. 2nd ed. Singapore : World Scientific, 2011   EnllaƧ

Nanomaterials: synthesis, properties and applications. Bristol : Institute of Physics Publishing, 1998  EnllaƧ

Nanostructured materials: clusters, composites, and thin films. Washington, DC (Wash.): American Chemical Society, 1997. (ACS symposium series ; 679)  EnllaƧ

Nanotechnology. New York : Springer, 1999  EnllaƧ

Ozin, Geoffrey A. ; Arsenault, André C. Nanochemistry: a  chemical approach to nanomaterials. 2nd ed. London : RSC Publishing, 2009  EnllaƧ

Sergeev, G. B. Nanochemistry. Amsterdam ; London : Elsevier, 2006  EnllaƧ

Zhang, Jin Z. [et al.]. Self-assembled nanostructures ; New York : Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, 2003  EnllaƧ

Versió electrņnica  EnllaƧ


MORIARTY P., Nanostructured Materials. Reports on progress in physics, 2001, vol. 64, p. 297-381

Nanotechnology. Institute of Physics; American Institute of Physics. Bristol : Institute of Physics, [since 1990]

Nanotechnology Industries Newsletter. Nanoindustries. Trends in Nanotechnology (TNT). CMP Científica.

RODRIGUEZ-HERNANDEZ J., CHECOT F., GNANOU Y., LECOMMANDOUX S. Toward ’smart’ nano-objects by self-assembly of block copolymers in solution, PROGRESS IN POLYMER SCIENCE 30 (7): 691-724 JUL 2005

GRIMSDALE A.C., MULLEN K., The chemistry of organic nanomaterials, ANGEWANDTE CHEMIE-INTERNATIONAL EDITION 44 (35): 5592-5629 2005

SASTRY M, SWAMI A, MANDAL S, SELVAKANNAN PR., New approaches to the synthesis of anisotropic, core-shell and hollow metal nanostructures, JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY 15 (31): 3161-3174 2005

HAMLEY IW, Nanotechnology with soft materials, ANGEWANDTE CHEMIE INTERNATIONAL EDITION 42 (2005) 1692-1712

PENG XG, THESSING J, Controlled synthesis of high quality semiconductor nanocrystals, STRUCTURE AND BONDING 118: 79-119 2005

REVERCHON E, ADAMI R, Nanomaterials and supercritical fluids, JOURNAL OF SUPERCRITICAL FLUIDS 37 (1): 1-22 2006

POMOGAILO AD, Polymer sol-gel synthesis of hybrid nanocomposites, COLLOID JOURNAL 67 (6): 658-677 2005

DUPUIS AC, The catalyst in the CCVD of carbon nanotubes - a review, PROGRESS IN MATERIALS SCIENCE 50 (8): 929-961 2005

USKOKOVIC V, DROFENIK M, Synthesis of materials within reverse micelles, SURFACE REVIEW AND LETTERS 12 (2): 239-277 APR 2005

GUTSCH A, MUHLENWEG H, KRAMER M, Tailor-made nanoparticles via gas-phase synthesis, SMALL 1 (1): 30-46 JAN 2005