Teaching plan for the course unit

(Short version)


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General information


Course unit name: Political Ideologies and Movements

Course unit code: 362527

Academic year: 2021-2022

Coordinator: Aitor Manuel Diaz Anabitarte

Department: Department of Political Science, Constitutional Law and Philosophy of Law

Credits: 6

Single program: N



Estimated learning time

Total number of hours 150


Face-to-face and/or online activities



-  Lecture with practical component




Supervised project


Independent learning




Learning objectives


Referring to knowledge

— Describe and discuss the political ideas, main exponents and schools of thought of the twentieth century.


— Explain how nineteenth- and twentieth-century political thought in Spain has led to the most important political debates in current times.


— Identify the main contributions made by the exponents of nineteenth- and twentieth-century political thought in Spain.


— Describe how key concepts in contemporary political theory determine notions of democracy, dictatorship, totalitarianism, pluralism, nationalism, federalism, republicanism and populism .


— Analyse political theory from a gender perspective.


Referring to abilities, skills

 — Use works of reference and comment on them in writing and oral presentations.


— Identify the main areas of political debate in nineteenth- and twentieth-century Spain reflecting the nation’s process of development and consolidation.


— Compare and contrast authors and schools of thought in order to gain understanding of the complexity of political discourse and the reality it describes.


Referring to attitudes, values and norms

— Describe and discuss the complexity of political discourse and the importance of adopting a plural approach to the study of political science in order to ensure objectivity and rigour. 



Teaching blocks


1. The theory of ideologies

1.1. Epistemological debate in political theory: the study of political philosophy, the history of ideas and political ideologies

1.2. The notion of political ideology: the political use of ideas. Structural continuity and change. Social demand and political offer.

1.3. Theories of ideology: Marxist theory of the social function of ideology, sociology of knowledge, cultural anthropology, discourse analysis and social and political psychology

2. Historical and political contextualisation

2.1. Political ideologies in the West: ideological affiliation, mutual influence and confrontation

2.2. The political, legal and social construction of the Spanish State during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries

3. Political ideologies in the Spanish State

3.1. The Age of Enlightenment, classical liberalism, constitutional liberalism and the Counter-Enlightenment. Nineteenth-century counter-revolutionary thought and Carlism.

3.2. Conservative liberalism and radicalism

3.3. Republicanism

3.4. Revolutionary ideologies: socialism, communism and anarchism

3.5. The feminist movement: the fight for women’s suffrage

3.6. Nationalism in Spain: centralism, Catalan nationalism, Basque nationalism, regionalism and federalism

3.7. Fascism and Francoism: preventive counter-revolution and authoritarian rule