General information 
Course unit name: Simulation of Biomedical Engineering Systems for Testing, Analysis and Research
Course unit code: 364600
Academic year: 20212022
Coordinator: Manuel Carmona Flores
Department: Department of Electronic and Biomedical Engineering
Credits: 3
Single program: S
Estimated learning time 
Total number of hours 75 
Facetoface and/or online activities 
30 
 Lecture 
Facetoface 
4 

 Lecture with practical component 
Facetoface 
4 

 Laboratory session 
Facetoface 
22 
Supervised project 
10 
Independent learning 
35 
(GMSH, Elmer and ParaView tools have to be studied individually.) 
Recommendations 
Learning the use of simulation tools is highly individual. Students should try to manage themselves as well as they can when using the simulation tools in this subject. These simulation tools are accompanied by documentation and examples that help in the learning process. Students are encouraged to make use of them. Further recommendations Be always critical with simulation results. These results must be approximately in accordance with what the student expected. 
Competences to be gained during study 
 
To be able to work independently (Personal). 
 
To gain knowledge of basic and technological subjects required to learn new methods and technologies and ensure versatility and the ability to adapt to new situations (Personal). 
 
To be able to take further studies and to develop a positive attitude in order to keep knowledge uptodate in a process of lifelong learning. To have sufficient depth of knowledge to start postgraduate studies in the field of advanced biomedical engineering. 
Learning objectives 
Referring to knowledge The main aim of this subject is to acquire knowledge of the general process of finite element analysis and design and to apply this knowledge to biomedical systems. This basic procedure enables students to use the method in different areas of the biomedical field.

Teaching blocks 
1. Introduction to the finite element method and examples
2. Generation of the physical model (physical structure)
* GMSH will be used to generate geometries and meshes. The programming capabilities of this software will be used.
3. Definition of loads and boundaries
4. Obtaining a solution for finite element models
* Elmer will be used to run the finite element simulations and to obtain the results.
5. Critical review of finite element results
* ParaView will be used to visualise finite element results.
6. Application of the finite element methods to biomedical problems, using the Elmer finite element simulator and GMSH for geometry generation
Teaching methods and general organization 
Beginning with a theoretical introduction to the finite element method, the subject applies this simulation methodology in the lab with some examples applied to the biomedical field. Some sessions are dedicated to learning the tools used in this subject to develop FEM simulations (GMSH for mesh generation, Elmer for FEM simulation and ParaView for graphical representation of results) and the rest of the sessions are dedicated to working on specific problems related to the biomedical field. Individually, students have to dedicate time to improving their abilities in the use of these tools.
Modifications in case of access restrictions due to the health situationAll activities will be carried out online, using different tools for keeping a good communication and being able to review the codes and simulation results as fast as possible during lab sessions. 
Official assessment of learning outcomes 
This final grade is based on two activities:
Examinationbased assessment The final grade is based on two activities:

Reading and study resources 
Consulteu la disponibilitat a CERCABIB
Web page
http://www.csc.fi/english/pages/elmer
Elmer software: code, documentation, examples, etc. 
GMSH software: code, documentation and examples. 
ParaView webpage
Electronic text
M. Carmona, et al., "GMSH  Guide for mesh generation", last version. Available in Campus Virtual.
M. Carmona, et al., "Elmer  Guide to FEM simulations", last version. Available in Campus Virtual.
D. Moratal, "Finite Element Analysis: From biomedical applications to industrial developments", ISBN 9789535104742, Intech Publisher, 2012.
A.T.K. Giorges, "Finite Element and Finite Difference Methods for Elliptic and Parabolic Differential Equations", ISBN 9789533073897, Intech Publisher, 2011.
Open access book: http://www.intechopen.com/books/numericalanalysistheoryandapplication/finiteelementandfinitedifferencemethodsforellipticandparabolicdifferentialequations
A brief introduction to finite elements and finite difference methods. 