Course unit name: Political History of Catalonia
Course unit code: 364630
Academic year: 2021-2022
Coordinator: Josep Colome Ferrer
Department: Department of Economic History, Institutions and Policy and World Economy
Single program: S
Estimated learning time
Total number of hours 75
Face-to-face and/or online activities
- Lecture with practical component
Referring to knowledge
— Describe the main actors and events in Catalan political history and discuss the global context in which these events took place.
— Demonstrate awareness that the basic concepts explaining different events in Catalan political history need to be understood in their historical context.
— Analyse historical events and periods from a gender perspective, focusing on subjects such as economic growth and industrialisation, social conflict and the rise of public participation.
Referring to abilities, skills
— Identify primary sources of information about events in Catalan political history, including the press and documents produced by the main actors in those events.
Referring to attitudes, values and norms
— Demonstrate awareness of the complex nature of historical analysis, compare and contrast different interpretations of political events and review the debates in this subject between historians and political scientists.
— Describe the complex relationship between political behaviour and processes of economic and social change in particular moments of the country’s history.
1. Feudalism in Catalonia and the creation of the Crown of Aragon
1.1. From separation from the Carolingian Empire to the creation of the Crown of Aragon
1.2. The failure to secure a trans-Pyrenean territory and the Mediterranean expansion
1.3. The formation and features of the Catalan–Aragonese dynasty
2. Thirteenth- and fourteenth-century economic growth, Mediterranean expansion and institutional development
2.1. From change in economic structure to social upheaval
2.2. Catalan institutions and the monarchy during the crisis of the Late Middle Ages
2.3. The political crises of the fifteenth century: the rise of the House of Trastámara with the accession of Ferdinand I to the throne of Aragon in 1412 and the Catalan Civil War (War against John II) (1462–1472).
3. Catalonia during the Crisis of the Late Middle Ages (fourteenth and fifteenth centuries)
3.1. Institutional reform and stability under Ferdinand II of Aragon in the sixteenth century
3.2. Occitans and bandits in the early 1600s
3.3. The empirical policies of the Hispanic Monarchy and the resistance in Catalonia: the Revolt of 1640 and the Reapers’ War.
4. In the shadow of the Empire: from the dynastic union with the Crown of Castile to the Reaper’s War
4.1. The mission of the generation of Feliu de la Penya
4.2. The Spanish War of Succession, the Catalan alliance with Charles of Austria in 1705 and the Bourbon troops’ capture of Barcelona in 1714
4.3. The Nueva Planta decrees of Philip V and institutional reform
5. The War of Succession and the Catalan defeat
5.1. The debate on the consequences of the War of Succession
5.2. Catalan economic growth in the 1700s and the Bourbon reforms
5.3. The end-of-century crisis in the political system of the Restoration era
6. The paradox in the origins of Catalan industrialisation in the 1700s.
6.1. The Napoleonic occupation of Spain, the downfall of the ancien régime and the beginnings of Spanish constitutionalism
6.2. The construction of a liberal political system and the Carlist counter-revolution
6.3. The advance of industrialisation and the drive towards political and social reform. The period between 1868 and 1874 (the Sexenio Democrático).
7. The crisis of the ancien régime and the triumph of nineteenth-century liberalism
7.1. The political system of the Restoration and the system of rule enforced by local political bosses (caciquismo)
7.2. The emergence and rise of Catalan nationalism
7.4. Colonial defeat and the limits of the Regenerationists
8. The Bourbon Restoration and the rise of Catalan nationalism
8.1. The hegemony of the Regionalist League
8.2. From the Catalan Solidarity coalition of 1906 to the Tragic Week confrontations of 1909
8.3. The Mancomunitat de Catalunya (a deliberative assembly of the councillors of the four provinces of Catalonia) (1914–1925)
9. The crisis at the end of the nineteenth century and the dictatorship of Primo de Rivera
9.1. The September 1923 coup in Barcelona
9.2. Political repression and the dismantling of Catalan institutions. The dissolution of the Mancomunitat by Primo de Rivera
9.3. Resistance, the fall of the dictatorship and the failure of Berenguer’s Dictablanda (soft dictatorship)
10. The Second Republic and the Spanish Civil War (1931–1939)
10.1. From the proclamation of the Catalan Republic to the reinstatement of the Government of Catalonia
10.2. The land lease dilemma (the rabassa morta contracts), its solution by the Government of Catalonia’s law on peasants’ land rights (Llei de Contractes de Conreu) and the general strike and declaration of a Catalan state by the Government of Catalonia on 6 October 1934 (Fets d’Octubre de 1934)
10.3. The Spanish Civil War
11. Catalonia under Franco’s dictatorship (1939–1975)
11.1. Catalan positions with regard to the dictatorship during the first period of the regime
11.2. From the first signs of change in the 1950s to the "Spanish miracle" of the 1960s
11.3. The limits of the reforms proposed by the Spanish technocrats and the emergence of the democratic opposition
Reading and study resources
BALCELLS, A. (dir.). Història de Catalunya. Barcelona : La Esfera de los libros, 2006. 4 vols.
LLADONOSA LATORRE, M. La construcció de la catalanitat : evolució de la concepció d’identitat nacional a Catalunya 1860-1990. Lleida : Edicions de la Universitat de Lleida, 2013.
|Vol. 3 de la Histņria de Catalunya, dir. per Pierre Vilar.|
HERNÀNDEZ, F.X. Història de Catalunya. Barcelona : Rafael Dalmau Editor, 2011.
CANAL, J. Història mínima de Catalunya. Madrid : Turner, 2015.
DURAN SOLÀ, Ll. Breu història del catalanisme. Barcelona : Publicacions de l’Abadia de Montserrat, 2011. 2 vols.
RISQUES, M. (dir) (2006): Història de la Catalunya contemporània, Barcelona, Mina