Teaching plan for the course unit

 

 

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General information

 

Course unit name: Bioethics

Course unit code: 366691

Academic year: 2021-2022

Coordinator: Gemma Marfany Nadal

Department: Department of Genetics, Microbiology and Statistics

Credits: 3

Single program: S

 

 

Estimated learning time

Total number of hours 75

 

Face-to-face and/or online activities

20

 

-  Lecture

Face-to-face

 

10

 

(Lessons)

 

-  Practical exercises

Face-to-face

 

5

 

(Practical cases)

 

-  Seminar

Face-to-face

 

5

 

(Seminars)

Supervised project

25

Independent learning

30

 

 

Competences to be gained during study

 

   -

CG6. Communication skills (written and spoken).

(CG6. Capacity to communicate correctly using oral and writing methods.)

   -

CB5. Learning skills that are necessary to undertake further study with a high degree of autonomy.

(

CB5. Learning skills needed to undertake further studies with a high degree of autonomy.
)

   -

CB4. Capacity to communicate information, ideas, problems and solutions to both specialist and non-specialist audiences.

(

CB4. Ability to convey information, ideas, problems and solutions to both specialized and non-specialized audiences.
)

   -

CG2. Capacity for learning and responsibility (capacity for analysis and synthesis, to adopt global perspectives and to apply knowledge in practice, and capacity to take decisions and adapt to new situations).

(CG2 - Acquire the ability to learn and take responsibility (ability to analyze, apply knowledge in practice, make decisions and adapt to new situations))

   -

CB3. Ability to gather and interpret relevant data (usually within the field of study) to inform judgements that include reflection on relevant social, scientific or ethical issues.

(CB3 - Ability to integrate knowledge and make judgments based on information, particularly those that include reflections on social and ethical responsibilities.)

   -

CE16. Capacity to provide reasoned explanations of the concept and general characteristics of disease, the mechanisms through which diseases develop, the personal and constitutional aspects of pathological reactions, the different types of diseases, the respective mechanisms of distribution, and the dynamic structure of different diseases, and a familiarity with the principal methods for the study and diagnosis of diseases, including epidemiology

(

CE16. Ability to reason about the concept and general characteristics of the disease, the mechanisms by which it develops, and the personal and constitutional aspects of the morbid reaction; to classify the types of diseases, their mechanisms of diffusion and their dynamic structure, and to learn the main techniques of study and diagnosis of diseases, including epidemiological methodology.
)

   -

CE18. Capacity to apply electronic, instrumental, analytical and molecular techniques and to work safely in a laboratory environment

(

CE18. Ability to apply instrumental, computer, analytical and molecular techniques, and to work safely in a laboratory.
)

   -

CG1 - Acquire ethical commitment (critical and self-critical ability / ability to show attitudes consistent with ethical and deontological conceptions)

CG2 - Acquire the ability to learn and take responsibility (ability to analyze, apply knowledge in practice, make decisions and adapt to new situations)

CG3 - Learn to work in a team and contribute to a common project, ability to collaborate in interdisciplinary and multicultural teams

CG4 - Develop creative and entrepreneurial ability (ability to formulate, design and manage projects and ability to seek and integrate new knowledge and attitudes)

CG5 - Assume sustainability (ability to assess the ethical, social and environmental impact of research, with the ability to express integrated and systematic views)

CG6 - Develop communicative ability to understand and express themselves orally and in writing

CG7 - Ability to think critically, logically and creatively. Ability to analyze and synthesize.

CG8 - Ability for experimental design, research and writing of results and analysis of research in its field.

CG9 - Ability to relate new scientific advances and their scientific and social applications, with their ethical impact.

CG10 - Ability to interact and transfer their knowledge.

CG11 - Ability to manage and organize personal time and self-learning ability.

Specific competences (skills)

CE1 – Knowledge of the basic concepts of bioethics and its relationship with the applications of experimental science, in the biological and healt

CE2 - Knowledge of fundamental aspects of bioethics in animal experimentation, with embryos, with human samples and with data from people

CE3 - Ability to understand the bioethical implications of current experimental techniques.

CE4 - Promote reading and critical thinking on bioethical issues in the European and global context.

CE5 - Promote student participation in discussion and scientific-ethical debate

CE6 - Design research projects and understand the relevance of the bioethical issues involved.

CE7 - Knowledge of the codes of best practices, integrity in research and the role of Bioethics Committees in research.

 

 

Learning objectives

 

Referring to knowledge

This topic will be taught in English.

The main purpose of this topic is to raise awareness of the major bioethical issues relevant to the field of biology and experimental scientific research, from different perspectives.

More specifically, the aims of this topic are:

- Promoting a critical spirit about the need to consider bioethical aspects in scientific research

- Thinking about global aspects of bioethics and whether global bioethics exists or should exist

- Learning how to approach bioethical issues in research project applications, what are the relevant points if model animals in experimentation are required, if embryo cells, organoid or human samples are used, and how to collect and store personal data

- Understanding the bioethical considerations in clinical trials on humans

- Informing on the relevance of Bioethics Committees and current legislation and normatives

- Critical reading of bioethics documents

 

 

Teaching blocks

 

1. LECTURES ON BIOETHICS

1.1. Bioethics. An introduction, origin and history

1.2. Bioethics. A view from the institutions and legal frameworks

1.3. Ethics in research, plagiarism, manipulation, invention. Research integrity.

1.4. Bioethical questions in experimental research and teaching. Animal models. The 3Rs. Norms and Directives.

1.5. Bioethical questions in experimental research and teaching. Human samples. Informed consent. Compliance of aims and social/personal return.

1.6. Bioethical questions in health and medicine. Clinical trials. Bioethical questions in social sciences. Polls and questionnaires. Recording

1.7. Bioethical questions in a global world (I): Clima change, famine, water, biodiversity

1.8. Bioethical questions in a global world (II): equity, global health, medicines, pandemics

1.9. Bioethical questions for the future world

2. PRACTICAL LECTURES AND CASES

2.1. OPEN ACCESS RESEARCH, OPEN DATA

2.2. GENETICALLY MODIFIED ORGANISMS. Microorganisms, yeasts, plants, crops, animals

2.3. PERSONAL AND SENSITIVE DATA. BIG DATA. AI Life. Anonimity. Privacity. Confidentiality. AI and life

2.4. ETHICS AND BIOETHICS COMMITTEES. How to approach bioethical issues in research projects

2.5. FUTURE BIOETHIC CHALLENGES, Gene editing, precision medicine, species modification, cyborgs, technology and life

3. PROBLEM-BASED LEARNING. EXERCISES

4. SEMINARS

 

 

Teaching methods and general organization

 

This topic will be taught in English in a series of theoretical classes, practical sessions, cases and seminars (20 h)
- The practical sessions will require previous reading of documents, team work. Presentation of pros and cons and Debate.

- The seminars will be presented by groups of students to study and analyze specific subjects according to the interests of students and the coordinator.


Other off-line activities

Activities supervised by the coordinator = 25 h

- Students who present seminars must prepare, based on specific bibliography, a presentation to be defended in front of other students. They will be supervised by the coordinator.

- Students will have to prepare an essay on a topic related to the subject. They will receive supervision from the coordinator.

 Autonomous learning = 30 h

- Before the presential theory classes, the student must review the teaching material used and available in the Campus Virtual.

- After the theory classes, the student should critically analyze the contents, using not only the notes of the classes but also the supplementary material suggested by the teacher.

- The student should take into account the deadlines and schedule established to carry the tasks and present them on time..

- The student also needs to work on the contents of the virtual campus and recommended readings.

- Students will have to prepare a research project, with emphasis on the bioethical issues and how to approach them.

 

 

Official assessment of learning outcomes

 

The evaluation will consist of an assessment of the knowledge acquired and attitudes of the student during the course. As the group has a limited number of students, the coordinator will takes into account attendance and participation in theory and practical classes and seminars, up to 10% of the final grade.

The presentation and defense in seminars will be evaluated up to 40% of the final grade.

A short critical essay on any of the topics covered in class will represent 25% of the final grade and the presentation of a research project at the end, emphasizing bioethical considerations, will represent another 25% of the final grade. Quality of the critical appraisal, and depth of arguments will be considered positively.

(For Master students the assay and the presentation of a research project will be evaluated with 45% of the final grade each).

The re-evaluation, if applicable, will be carried out in accordance with the current regulations of the Facultat de Biologia (UB).

 

Examination-based assessment

As the course will be compacted in two weeks, the evaluation will be continuous