Teaching plan for the course unit

 

 

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General information

 

Course unit name: Estructura i Funciˇ del Cos HumÓ I

Course unit code: 366698

Academic year: 2021-2022

Coordinator: Ramon Farre Ventura

Department: Department of Biomedical Sciences

Credits: 6

Single program: S

 

 

Estimated learning time

Total number of hours 150

 

Face-to-face and/or online activities

72

 

-  Lecture

Face-to-face and online

 

36

 

-  Laboratory session

Face-to-face

 

18

 

-  Seminar

Face-to-face

 

18

Supervised project

15

Independent learning

63

 

 

Recommendations

 

In order to fully profit from the subject, all credits of first-year subjects Cell Biology, Molecular biology and pathology, and Biophysics should have been passed.

 

 

Competences to be gained during study

 

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To be able to resolve problems with initiative and creativity and to take technological decisions in accordance with criteria of cost, quality, safety, sustainability, time and respect for the profession's ethical principles (Instrumental).

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To be able to analyse and summarize (Instrumental).

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To gain knowledge of basic and technological subjects required to learn new methods and technologies and ensure versatility and the ability to adapt to new situations (Personal).

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To gain knowledge of the equipment and instruments used for disease diagnosis, treatment, prevention and research.

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To gain knowledge of the aetiology and physiopathology of the main diseases of the various systems and apparatuses.

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To gain knowledge of biomedical concepts and language.

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To know about and apply engineering concepts to the study of biological processes and the functions of the human organism. To gain knowledge of the atomic, molecular, cellular and organic levels of the physical mechanisms and phenomena that have an impact on health and disease.

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To gain knowledge of the structure and normal function of apparatuses and systems, as well as their homeostatic and regulatory mechanisms. To understand the principles of adaptation to the environment.

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To gain knowledge of the causes and mechanisms by which disease is developed.

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To use systems for the search and retrieval of biomedical information and procedures for clinical data. To be able to understand and critically interpret scientific texts and their sources.

Learning objectives

 

Referring to knowledge

— Know the different types of bones of the musculoskeletal system.

— Understand the functioning of joints in the musculoskeletal system.

— Know the different types of muscles of the musculoskeletal system.

— Know the anatomical structures of the musculoskeletal system and understand their anatomic position.

— Understand the relationship between bones and muscles.

— Understand the biomechanics of joints of the musculoskeletal system.

— Know the peripheral nerves of limbs.

— Understand the muscular functioning of limbs.

— Understand the physical laws that govern blood circulation in the cardiovascular system.

— Know the elastic properties of vessels and understand their effect on blood circulation.

— Understand the relationship between the mechanical properties of the hemodynamic system and the local distribution of blood volume.

— Understand the mechanical principles of vascular function.

— Understand the working bases and the interpretation of cardiovascular function exploratory tests.

— Know the elastic properties of the respiratory system and understand the effect they have on pulmonary ventilation.

— Know the resistant properties of lungs and understand their effects on pulmonary ventilation.

— Understand the dynamics of the respiratory cycle.

— Know the physical laws of gases and understand the behavior of gases during ventilation and alveoli-capillary exchange.

— Understand the mechanisms that govern the relations between ventilation, gas production and consumption, and their alveolar partial pressures.

— Understand the working bases and the interpretation of respiratory function exploratory tests.

— Understand the principles of assisted ventilation and of the methods for monitoring it.

— Understand the role of the cardiovascular system in the maintenance of body homeostasis and their implications for pathophysiology.

— Understand the intrinsic, neural and endocrine mechanisms regulating heart activity.

— Understand the intrinsic, neural and endocrine mechanisms regulating blood pressure.

— Understand the mechanisms that control angiogenesis and vasculogenesis.

— Understand the mechanisms that regulate the volume per minute that each tissue receives.

— Understand the role of the respiratory system in the maintenance of body homeostasis and their implications for pathophysiology.

— Understand the main mechanisms to control ventilation.

— Understand the main mechanisms regulating gas transport and plasma pH.

— Understand the role of the renal system in the maintenance of body homeostasis and their implications for pathophysiology.

— Understand the main mechanisms regulating the glomerular filtration rate.

— Understand the main systems regulating hydroelectrolytic balance through the renal function.

 

Referring to abilities, skills

— Represent and interpret graphs and schemes referring to the contents of the previous section.

— Search for scientific information using currently available sources.

— Critically analyze, delve in, comprehend and summarize the gathered information.

— Be introduced to the study of anatomical structures in the dissection room.

— Identify the anatomical structures of the human body.

— Create and correctly follow-up an experimental protocol, using the procedures and tools most frequent in biochemistry, molecular biology and biophysics.

— Correctly analyze, interpret and present experimental results.

— Be introduced to the application of knowledge acquired to pathophysiology.

— Adequately use computer tools for all mentioned procedures.

—Understand the basic concepts for applying knowledge to an innovation project in biomedical engineering.

 

Referring to attitudes, values and norms

— Follow the instructions given by lecturers to develop the teaching and learning process adequately.

— Follow safety regulations and be careful with instruments used in the dissection room.

— Plan and implement shared activities in the dissection room through participation in working groups.

— Follow safety regulations and be careful with instruments used in the laboratory.

— Plan and implement shared activities through equal participation in working groups.

— Assess the limitations of experimental procedures and the sources of error in the process of data acquisition.

 

 

Teaching blocks

 

1. Course Topics

*  1. Anatomy of musculoskeletal system

1.1. Anatomical position

1.2. Anatomical planes

1.3. Bone classification

1.4. Joint classification

1.5. Muscle classification

1.6. Circulatory system

1.7. Nervous system

1.8. Anatomy of the upper limbs

1.9. Anatomy of the lower limbs

 

2. Biomechanics of the musculoskeletal system

2.1. Biomechanics of bones

2.2. Biomechanics of joint cartilage

2.3. Biomechanics of tendons and ligaments

2.4. Biomechanics of muscles

2.5. Biomechanics of joints

 

3. Cardiovascular biophysics

3.1. Mechanical structure of the cardiovascular system

3.2. Mechanic behavior of the heart

3.3. Mechanics of the vascular circuit

3.4. Mechanic coupling between vascular circuit and heart

 

4. Respiratory biophysics

4.1. Mechanical structure of the respiratory system

4.2. Pulmonary gas exchange

4.3. Gas transport and peripheral exchange

4.4. Mechanical ventilation

 

5. Cardiovascular physiology

5.1. Physiology of the circulatory system and homeostasis; Pathophysiological consequences

5.2. Regulation of cardiac activity

5.3. Regulating blood pressure

5.4. Regulating angiogenesis and vasculogenesis

5.5. Regulating local circulation

 

6. Respiratory physiology

6.1. Physiology of the respiratory system and homeostasis; Pathophysiological consequences

6.2. Regulating gas transport and plasma pH

6.3. Regulating ventilation

 

7. Renal physiology

7.1. Renal physiology and homeostasis; Pathophysiological consequences

7.2. Renal regulation of hydroelectrolytic balance

7.3. Regulating urine release

 

 

Teaching methods and general organization

 

 — The subject is taught in English.

— Teaching is developed through theory sessions (lectures), applied seminars, problem-solving seminars, laboratory practice, dissection room practice, and development of an innovation project.

— Attendance to practical sessions is compulsory.

 

 

Official assessment of learning outcomes

 

Students are assessed on a continuous basis.
Assessment will preferably be carried out face-to-face, but if health conditions prevent this, it will be done electronically via the digital platforms that the UB has available for this purpose.

Assessment for the subject is divided into three parts, corresponding to the teaching blocks in Anatomy, Biophysics and Physiology. The final grade for the subject is the average of the final marks for each of the three blocks. A minimum grade of 4 out of 10 in the final exam for each block is required to pass the subject.

Anatomy

Continuous assessment (40% of the grade for the block on Anatomy): Presentation of a group work. The scoring will be the same for all members of each group.

Final exam (60% of the grade for the block on Anatomy): written examination on the whole content of the course.

Biophysics

Continuous assessment (50% of the grade for the block on biophysics): Mid-term exam (50% of the grade for continuous assessment) and innovation project (50% of the grade for continuous assessment). The innovation project will be carried out by student groups and will be evaluated by a written report and an oral presentation.

Final examination: (50% of the grade for the block on Biophysics): written examination on the whole content of the course.

Physiology

Continuous assessment (40% of the grade for the block on physiology): Mid-term exam (2/3 of continuous assessment). Participation in classes and practical exercises (1/3 of continuous assessment).

Final exam (60% of the grade for the block on physiology): written examination on the whole content of the course.

 

Re-assessment

Students who fail the subject may sit for re-assessment of the parts of the written examination they have failed. The continuous assessment score will be maintained in calculating the final grade for the subject.

 

Examination-based assessment

The student who, exceptionally and following the regulations, are allowed to have a unique assessment will be examined by a written exercise encompassing all the subject (lectures, seminars and practical works), keeping the weight of 1/3 for each bloc, and being required a scoring of 4/10 in each block.

 

 

Reading and study resources

Consulteu la disponibilitat a CERCABIB

Book

Schünke, M. Prometheus : texto y atlas de anatomía. 2ª ed. Madrid : Médica Panamericana; 2010. 3 vols.

Boron WF, Boulpaep EL. Medical Physiology : a cellular and molecular approach . 2nd ed Update.  Editorial Sunders Elsevier, 2012.

Boron WF, Boulpaep EL. Medical Physiology : a cellular and molecular approach . 2nd ed Update.  Editorial Sunders Elsevier, 2012.

Jou D. Física para las ciencias de la vida.  2ª ed.  McGraw-Hill / Interamericana de España. 2009.

Jou D. Física para las ciencias de la vida.  2ª ed.  McGraw-Hill / Interamericana de España. 2009.

Mezquita, C.; Mezquita, J.; Mezquita, B.; Mezquita, P. Fisiología médica: del razonamiento fisiológico al razonamiento clínico. Madrid: Médica Panamericana, 2011.

Schünke, M. Prometheus : texto y atlas de anatomía. 2ª ed. Madrid : Médica Panamericana; 2010. 3 vols.

Mezquita, C.; Mezquita, J.; Mezquita, B.; Mezquita, P. Fisiología médica: del razonamiento fisiológico al razonamiento clínico. Madrid: Médica Panamericana, 2011.